mystery of barbecue begins with the name. Taino, the word
for the wooden structure, sounded to the explorers like barbacoa.
Barbecue primarily refers to food that is cooked in an outdoor
environment by way of smoke, charcoal or gas. Slow cook barbecues
refer to cooking using indirect heat or smoke.
The history of barbecue sauce goes back to the 1600s, the
century that marked the founding of America's first colonies.
The varied history of barbecue reflects the varied history
of the South. The origins of barbecue in the South, however,
are traceable to a period long before the smiling pig became
a fixture on Southern roadsides. It was the first time the
smell of barbecue wafted over the Mid-South. Sometimes shameful,
but usually interesting, the history of barbecue can be seen
an emblem of Southern history.
the early years of this country, barbecues were the foundation
of many major political, social, and religious events. Political
and church barbecues were among the first examples of this
phenomenon. In the nineteenth century, barbecue was a feature
at church picnics and political rallies as well as at private
parties (Egerton 150). A good barbecue drew (and draws) barbecue
fans of every color and class. A barbecue was a popular and
inexpensive way to lobby for votes and an easy way for different
social classes to mix.
the twentieth century progressed, barbecue pits grew and prospered,
evolving into three distinct types. A Kentucky barbecue is
served with one of three sauces:a mild tomato-based sauce,
a unique "black" sauce, or a peppery hot sauce. A Memphis-style
barbecue sauce embraces all three of the major ingredients
vinegar, mustard, and tomato.
sauces have all the diversity of the land that perfected the
art and science of barbecuing. Nationally known brands such
as Kraft came into the barbecue sauce retailing picture in
the mid-1900s and have dominated ever since. KC's barbecue
style is thick, with a tomato and sugar base.
these restaurants grew out of a simple barbecue pit where
the owner sold barbecue to take away. To the purists, this
is the only true barbecue; direct heat methods are merely
grilling. Then, they would suspend their meat above the makeshift
barbecue cooker. Nowadays, barbecue cookers are built out
of metal and constructed in a manner to allow smoke and heat
to envelop the sizzling food. Some barbecue grills are built
with the firebox positioned below the main barbecue chamber.
Wood is carefully rested within a firebox next to the barbecue
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